A marine mesocosm study on the environmental fate of silver nanoparticles and toxicity effects on two endobenthic species: the ragworm Hediste diversicolor and the bivalve mollusc Scrobicularia plana
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Silver nanoparticles are widely used in a range of products and processes for their antibacterial properties, electrical and thermal conductivity. The fate and effects of Ag nanoparticles were examined in two endobenthic species (Scrobicularia plana, Hediste diversicolor), under environmentally realistic conditions in outdoor mesocosms exposed to Ag at 10 μg L(-1) in nanoparticulate (Ag NPs) or soluble salt (AgNO3) forms for 21 days. Labile Ag was determined in water and sediment by using diffusive gradient in thin films. Ag levels were equivalent in contaminated Ag NPs mesocosms to those contaminated with the soluble form. Bioaccumulation of Ag was observed for both species exposed to either Ag in the nanoparticulate or ionic forms. Concerning biomarker responses, both soluble and nanoparticulate Ag forms, induced defenses against oxidative stress, detoxification, apoptosis, genotoxicity and immunomodulation. Nevertheless, DNA damages measured by the comet assay in the digestive gland of S. plana, and Phenoloxidase and lysozyme activities in S. plana and H. diversicolor, respectively, were higher in the presence of Ag NPs compared to soluble Ag suggesting a specific nano effect.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2014|
- Animals, Biological Markers, Bivalvia, Ecosystem, Environmental Monitoring, Metal Nanoparticles, Polychaeta, Silver, Water Pollutants, Chemical