A low-glycemic diet lifestyle intervention improves fat utilization during exercise in older obese humans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of dietary glycemic index on exercise training-induced adaptations in substrate oxidation in obesity.

DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty older, obese individuals undertook 3 months of fully supervised aerobic exercise and were randomized to low- (LoGIX) or high-glycemic (HiGIX) diets. Changes in indirect calorimetry (VO2 ; VCO2 ) were assessed at rest, during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, and during submaximal exercise (walking: 65% VO2 max, 200 kcal energy expenditure). Intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) was measured by (1) H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

RESULTS: Weight loss (-8.6 ± 1.1%) and improvements (P < 0.05) in VO2 max, glycemic control, fasting lipemia, and metabolic flexibility were similar for both LoGIX and HiGIX groups. During submaximal exercise, energy expenditure was higher following the intervention (P < 0.01) in both groups. Respiratory exchange ratio during exercise was unchanged in the LoGIX group but increased in the HiGIX group (P < 0.05). However, fat oxidation during exercise expressed in relation to changes in body weight was increased in the LoGIX group (+10.6 ± 3.6%; P < 0.05). Fasting IMCL was unchanged, however, extramyocellular lipid was reduced (P < 0.05) after LoGIX.

CONCLUSIONS: A LoGIX/exercise weight-loss intervention increased fat utilization during exercise independent of changes in energy expenditure. This highlights the potential therapeutic value of low-glycemic foods for reversing metabolic defects in obesity.

Bibliographic note

Copyright © 2013 The Obesity Society.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2272-8
Number of pages7
JournalObesity
Volume21
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Adipose Tissue, Aged, Aging, Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted, Exercise, Exercise Therapy, Female, Glycemic Index, Humans, Life Style, Lipid Metabolism, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Weight Reduction Programs