A late Roman military command in Britain Reinstated

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

While there is clear archaeological evidence for the existence of Roman forces based on the western coast of Britain in the late Roman period, the Notitia Dignitatum is notoriously silent about its command structures. This has been accounted for in a number of ways but the most obvious explanation is that the entry is lost. It is suggested that the title of the command survives in Ammianus Marcellinus’ account of the ‘Barbarian Conspiracy’ of AD 367. This conclusion suggests a link between the death of Nectaridius and the attack by the Attacotti in AD 367 since the latter seem to have originated in Ireland, suggesting the main thrust of their attack was on the west coast of Britain. The recovery of the province by Count Theodosius, also recorded by Ammianus, suggests that the newly created province of Valentia was Britannia Prima.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoman Frontier Studies 2009
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the XXI International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies (Limes Congress) held at Newcastle upon Tyne in August 2009
EditorsNick Hodges, Paul Bidwell, Judith Schachtmann
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2017