A faster path between meaning and form? Iconicity facilitates sign recognition and production in British Sign Language

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A faster path between meaning and form? Iconicity facilitates sign recognition and production in British Sign Language. / Vinson, David; Thompson, Robin L.; Skinner, Robert; Vigliocco, Gabriella.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 82, 01.07.2015, p. 56-85.

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@article{ee4a0b8cded64387ae3988832783f5e0,
title = "A faster path between meaning and form? Iconicity facilitates sign recognition and production in British Sign Language",
abstract = "A standard view of language processing holds that lexical forms are arbitrary, and that non-arbitrary relationships between meaning and form such as onomatopoeias are unusual cases with little relevance to language processing in general. Here we capitalize on the greater availability of iconic lexical forms in a signed language (British Sign Language, BSL), to test how iconic relationships between meaning and form affect lexical processing. In three experiments, we found that iconicity in BSL facilitated picture-sign matching, phonological decision, and picture naming. In comprehension the effect of iconicity did not interact with other factors, but in production it was observed only for later-learned signs. These findings suggest that iconicity serves to activate conceptual features related to perception and action during lexical processing. We suggest that the same should be true for iconicity in spoken languages (e.g., onomatopoeias), and discuss the implications this has for general theories of lexical processing.",
keywords = "Embodiment, Iconicity, Language comprehension, Language production, Lexicon",
author = "David Vinson and Thompson, {Robin L.} and Robert Skinner and Gabriella Vigliocco",
year = "2015",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jml.2015.03.002",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "56--85",
journal = "Journal of Memory and Language",
issn = "0749-596X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A faster path between meaning and form? Iconicity facilitates sign recognition and production in British Sign Language

AU - Vinson, David

AU - Thompson, Robin L.

AU - Skinner, Robert

AU - Vigliocco, Gabriella

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - A standard view of language processing holds that lexical forms are arbitrary, and that non-arbitrary relationships between meaning and form such as onomatopoeias are unusual cases with little relevance to language processing in general. Here we capitalize on the greater availability of iconic lexical forms in a signed language (British Sign Language, BSL), to test how iconic relationships between meaning and form affect lexical processing. In three experiments, we found that iconicity in BSL facilitated picture-sign matching, phonological decision, and picture naming. In comprehension the effect of iconicity did not interact with other factors, but in production it was observed only for later-learned signs. These findings suggest that iconicity serves to activate conceptual features related to perception and action during lexical processing. We suggest that the same should be true for iconicity in spoken languages (e.g., onomatopoeias), and discuss the implications this has for general theories of lexical processing.

AB - A standard view of language processing holds that lexical forms are arbitrary, and that non-arbitrary relationships between meaning and form such as onomatopoeias are unusual cases with little relevance to language processing in general. Here we capitalize on the greater availability of iconic lexical forms in a signed language (British Sign Language, BSL), to test how iconic relationships between meaning and form affect lexical processing. In three experiments, we found that iconicity in BSL facilitated picture-sign matching, phonological decision, and picture naming. In comprehension the effect of iconicity did not interact with other factors, but in production it was observed only for later-learned signs. These findings suggest that iconicity serves to activate conceptual features related to perception and action during lexical processing. We suggest that the same should be true for iconicity in spoken languages (e.g., onomatopoeias), and discuss the implications this has for general theories of lexical processing.

KW - Embodiment

KW - Iconicity

KW - Language comprehension

KW - Language production

KW - Lexicon

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925679254&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jml.2015.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jml.2015.03.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84925679254

VL - 82

SP - 56

EP - 85

JO - Journal of Memory and Language

JF - Journal of Memory and Language

SN - 0749-596X

ER -