A factorial survey investigating the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability on risk assessments by children’s social worker in child safeguarding scenarios

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@article{32f6b06085d342d48d9f197422bd8bf4,
title = "A factorial survey investigating the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability on risk assessments by children{\textquoteright}s social worker in child safeguarding scenarios",
abstract = "Literature suggests that, as parents, people with intellectual disabilities experience disproportionately high rates of child removal compared to other groups. A factorial survey of 191 children{\textquoteright}s social workers investigated the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability upon risk assessments in a range of hypothetical child safeguarding scenarios. The case scenarios depicted a range of child-safeguarding situations and parents{\textquoteright} intellectual disability status was randomly included as an additional item of information. The data was fitted into a generalised ordinal logistic regression model. Findings indicate that when presented with scenarios considered to be less risky, the parental intellectual disability disclosure contributed significantly to a higher risk assessment score. However, when presented with scenarios that were considered more risky, the additional parental intellectual disability disclosure did not significantly contribute to a higher score. These findings indicate that the risk associated with parental intellectual disability is not fixed but relative to the situation in which it is encountered. The research concludes that in cases of low risk, the effect of parental intellectual disability is identified as a support need whereas the lesser contribution of the disclosure to assessments of higher risk cases may indicate that parental intellectual disability is overlooked.KeywordsRisk assessment; parental intellectual disability; factorial survey; children{\textquoteright}s social workers, England",
keywords = "Risk assessment, parental intellectual disability, factorial survey, children{\textquoteright}s social workers, England",
author = "Ameeta Retzer and Jane Kaye and Ron Gray",
year = "2019",
month = jun,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1093/bjsw/bcz076",
language = "English",
journal = "British Journal of Social Work",
issn = "0045-3102",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A factorial survey investigating the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability on risk assessments by children’s social worker in child safeguarding scenarios

AU - Retzer, Ameeta

AU - Kaye , Jane

AU - Gray, Ron

PY - 2019/6/30

Y1 - 2019/6/30

N2 - Literature suggests that, as parents, people with intellectual disabilities experience disproportionately high rates of child removal compared to other groups. A factorial survey of 191 children’s social workers investigated the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability upon risk assessments in a range of hypothetical child safeguarding scenarios. The case scenarios depicted a range of child-safeguarding situations and parents’ intellectual disability status was randomly included as an additional item of information. The data was fitted into a generalised ordinal logistic regression model. Findings indicate that when presented with scenarios considered to be less risky, the parental intellectual disability disclosure contributed significantly to a higher risk assessment score. However, when presented with scenarios that were considered more risky, the additional parental intellectual disability disclosure did not significantly contribute to a higher score. These findings indicate that the risk associated with parental intellectual disability is not fixed but relative to the situation in which it is encountered. The research concludes that in cases of low risk, the effect of parental intellectual disability is identified as a support need whereas the lesser contribution of the disclosure to assessments of higher risk cases may indicate that parental intellectual disability is overlooked.KeywordsRisk assessment; parental intellectual disability; factorial survey; children’s social workers, England

AB - Literature suggests that, as parents, people with intellectual disabilities experience disproportionately high rates of child removal compared to other groups. A factorial survey of 191 children’s social workers investigated the effect of disclosing parental intellectual disability upon risk assessments in a range of hypothetical child safeguarding scenarios. The case scenarios depicted a range of child-safeguarding situations and parents’ intellectual disability status was randomly included as an additional item of information. The data was fitted into a generalised ordinal logistic regression model. Findings indicate that when presented with scenarios considered to be less risky, the parental intellectual disability disclosure contributed significantly to a higher risk assessment score. However, when presented with scenarios that were considered more risky, the additional parental intellectual disability disclosure did not significantly contribute to a higher score. These findings indicate that the risk associated with parental intellectual disability is not fixed but relative to the situation in which it is encountered. The research concludes that in cases of low risk, the effect of parental intellectual disability is identified as a support need whereas the lesser contribution of the disclosure to assessments of higher risk cases may indicate that parental intellectual disability is overlooked.KeywordsRisk assessment; parental intellectual disability; factorial survey; children’s social workers, England

KW - Risk assessment

KW - parental intellectual disability

KW - factorial survey

KW - children’s social workers

KW - England

U2 - 10.1093/bjsw/bcz076

DO - 10.1093/bjsw/bcz076

M3 - Article

JO - British Journal of Social Work

JF - British Journal of Social Work

SN - 0045-3102

ER -