A comparison of the effect of rare earth vs Si site doping on the conductivities of apatite-type rare earth silicates

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  • University of Surrey
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • University of Bath


Apatite-type lanthanum silicate (La9.33Si6O 26) has been attracting significant recent interest due to its high oxide ion conductivity. In this paper, synthesis and conductivity data for a range of doped samples (Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, B, Ga and Zn) are reported, in particular, to compare the effect of rare earth vs Si site doping. The results show that Ga, B and Zn favour substitution on the Si site, while Ca, Sr and Ba favour La-site substitution. Mg is shown to be an ambi-site dopant, substituting on either site depending on the starting composition. The samples doped on the Si site show higher conductivities than comparable samples doped on the La site, providing further support for the importance of the silicate network in the conduction process, as initially predicted by atomistic modelling studies. For Ga doping on the Si site, the effect of varying the rare-earth size on the conductivities is also reported.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)562-568
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2006


  • Apatite, Dopant, Oxide ion conduction, Rare earth