A comparison of automatic and intentional instructions when using the method of vanishing cues in acquired brain injury

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A comparison of automatic and intentional instructions when using the method of vanishing cues in acquired brain injury. / Riley, Gerard A.; Venn, Paul.

In: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, Vol. 25, No. 1, 28.07.2014, p. 53-81.

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@article{d86ebe860bea425190836de3e9715bcc,
title = "A comparison of automatic and intentional instructions when using the method of vanishing cues in acquired brain injury",
abstract = "Thirty-four participants with acquired brain injury learned word lists under two forms of vanishing cues - one in which the learning trial instructions encouraged intentional retrieval (i.e., explicit memory) and one in which they encouraged automatic retrieval (which encompasses implicit memory). The automatic instructions represented a novel approach in which the cooperation of participants was actively sought to avoid intentional retrieval. Intentional instructions resulted in fewer errors during the learning trials and better performance on immediate and delayed retrieval tests. The advantage of intentional over automatic instructions was generally less for those who had more severe memory and/or executive impairments. Most participants performed better under intentional instructions on both the immediate and the delayed tests. Although those who were more severely impaired in both memory and executive function also did better with intentional instructions on the immediate retrieval test, they were significantly more likely to show an advantage for automatic instructions on the delayed test. It is suggested that this pattern of results may reflect impairments in the consolidation of intentional memories in this group. When using vanishing cues, automatic instructions may be better for those with severe consolidation impairments, but otherwise intentional instructions may be better.",
keywords = "Acquired brain injury, Cognitive rehabilitation, Explicit memory, Implicit memory, Method of vanishing cues",
author = "Riley, {Gerard A.} and Paul Venn",
year = "2014",
month = jul,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1080/09602011.2014.941294",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "53--81",
journal = "Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: an international journal",
issn = "0960-2011",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of automatic and intentional instructions when using the method of vanishing cues in acquired brain injury

AU - Riley, Gerard A.

AU - Venn, Paul

PY - 2014/7/28

Y1 - 2014/7/28

N2 - Thirty-four participants with acquired brain injury learned word lists under two forms of vanishing cues - one in which the learning trial instructions encouraged intentional retrieval (i.e., explicit memory) and one in which they encouraged automatic retrieval (which encompasses implicit memory). The automatic instructions represented a novel approach in which the cooperation of participants was actively sought to avoid intentional retrieval. Intentional instructions resulted in fewer errors during the learning trials and better performance on immediate and delayed retrieval tests. The advantage of intentional over automatic instructions was generally less for those who had more severe memory and/or executive impairments. Most participants performed better under intentional instructions on both the immediate and the delayed tests. Although those who were more severely impaired in both memory and executive function also did better with intentional instructions on the immediate retrieval test, they were significantly more likely to show an advantage for automatic instructions on the delayed test. It is suggested that this pattern of results may reflect impairments in the consolidation of intentional memories in this group. When using vanishing cues, automatic instructions may be better for those with severe consolidation impairments, but otherwise intentional instructions may be better.

AB - Thirty-four participants with acquired brain injury learned word lists under two forms of vanishing cues - one in which the learning trial instructions encouraged intentional retrieval (i.e., explicit memory) and one in which they encouraged automatic retrieval (which encompasses implicit memory). The automatic instructions represented a novel approach in which the cooperation of participants was actively sought to avoid intentional retrieval. Intentional instructions resulted in fewer errors during the learning trials and better performance on immediate and delayed retrieval tests. The advantage of intentional over automatic instructions was generally less for those who had more severe memory and/or executive impairments. Most participants performed better under intentional instructions on both the immediate and the delayed tests. Although those who were more severely impaired in both memory and executive function also did better with intentional instructions on the immediate retrieval test, they were significantly more likely to show an advantage for automatic instructions on the delayed test. It is suggested that this pattern of results may reflect impairments in the consolidation of intentional memories in this group. When using vanishing cues, automatic instructions may be better for those with severe consolidation impairments, but otherwise intentional instructions may be better.

KW - Acquired brain injury

KW - Cognitive rehabilitation

KW - Explicit memory

KW - Implicit memory

KW - Method of vanishing cues

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84911977365&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09602011.2014.941294

DO - 10.1080/09602011.2014.941294

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84911977365

VL - 25

SP - 53

EP - 81

JO - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: an international journal

JF - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: an international journal

SN - 0960-2011

IS - 1

ER -