A clinical and molecular genetic study of a rare dominantly inherited syndrome (MRCS) comprising microcornea, rod-cone dystrophy, cataract, and posterior staphyloma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • MA Reddy
  • PJ Francis
  • V Berry
  • K Bradshaw
  • RJ Patel
  • R Kumar
  • SS Bhattacharya
  • AT Moore

Abstract

AIM: To phenotype and genetically map the disease locus in a family presenting with autosomal dominant microcornea, rod-cone dystrophy, cataract, and posterior staphyloma. METHODS: Six affected and three unaffected members of the pedigree were examined. All individuals provided a history and underwent a full clinical examination with A-scan and B-scan ultrasonography and electrophysiological testing where appropriate. PCR based microsatellite marker genotyping using a positional candidate gene approach was then performed on DNA samples extracted from venous blood provided by each subject. RESULTS: The disorder is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity and has a complex phenotype. Affected individuals had bilateral microcornea, pulverulent-like lens opacities, a rod-cone dystrophy and posterior staphyloma (MRCS). Using a positional candidate gene approach, the authors have evidence suggestive of linkage of this disorder to a region on 11q13 within the nanophthalmos 1 (NNO1) genetic interval. The small family size militates against achieving a LOD score of 3, but the haplotype data and the position of the putative MRCS locus within a known nanophthalmos locus are suggestive of linkage. A candidate gene within this region (ROM1) was screened and no mutations were found in affected members of the family. CONCLUSION: This rare developmental disorder has some phenotypic similarities to nanophthalmos and possibly maps to a locus within the genetic interval encompassing the NNO1 locus. Screening of candidate genes within this region continues.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume87
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2003