A binary beta titanium superalloy containing ordered-beta TiFe, alpha and omega

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Alpha-beta titanium alloys excel for aeroengine applications but are typically limited to ~550°C. An alternative strategy is reinforcement with the ordered-beta TiFe intermetallic, toward ‘β-Ti superalloys’, however, there has been minimal study of TiFe precipitation in the binary system.

Here, a Ti-20Fe (at.%) alloy was homogenised at 1050°C in the β-Ti phase field and aged at 600°C where the Fe supersaturation promoted TiFe precipitation. Curiously, as the TiFe volume fraction increased, the alloy hardness decreased, due to an interplay of mechanisms: (1) Fe solid solution strengthening, which reduces as the β-Ti Fe content falls to 16.2% on ageing; (2) ω precipitation strengthening, as ω-like incommensurate modulated domains were identified by transmission electron microscopy in the homogenised β-Ti parent phase and are suggested to change in size and structure after ageing, resulting in reduced ω-strengthening; (3) softening as softer TiFe and α-Ti phases precipitate from the harder ω‑strengthened β-Ti parent phase.


Original languageEnglish
Article number113905
Number of pages6
JournalScripta Materialia
Early online date15 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2021


  • Titanium alloys, Precipitation, Microstructure, Hardness, Metastable Phases