A biased-competition approach to spatial cueing: Combining empirical studies and computational modelling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


We examined the effects of cue luminance on visual orienting. Experiment 1 established that the commonly-found early facilitation and late inhibition of return (IOR) effects were independent of cue luminance with single cues in terms of their amplitude, although IOR was delayed in the low compared to the high luminance cue condition. In contrast, Experiment 2 revealed that, with dual cues of mixed luminance, both facilitation and IOR effects were found only with bright cues. When cues had equal luminance, however, there were cueing effects for two cued locations but only when the cues were bright. The data were accommodated in a neural network model of biased competition in which cueing effects emerge at more than one location provided input activation is sufficient to overcome competitive damping of the selection system.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-210
Number of pages41
JournalVisual Cognition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Inhibition of return, Visual attention, Computational modelling, Biased-competition