A [001]-Oriented Hittorf's phosphorus nanorods/polymeric carbon nitride heterostructure for boosting wide-spectrum-responsive photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from pure water

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Yukun Zhu
  • Chunxiao Lv
  • Zhuocheng Yin
  • Jun Ren
  • Xianfeng Yang
  • Chung-li Dong
  • Hongwei Liu
  • Yu-cheng Huang
  • Shaohua Shen
  • Dongjiang Yang

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Shandong University of Science and Technology
  • North University of China
  • South University of Science and Technology of China
  • Tamkang University
  • Ocean University of China


Red phosphorus is a promising photocatalyst with wide visible-light absorption up to 700 nm, but the fast charge recombination limits its photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activity. Now, [001]-oriented Hittorf's phosphorus (HP) nanorods were successfully grown on polymeric carbon nitride (PCN) by a chemical vapor deposition strategy. Compared with the bare PCN and HP, the optimized PCN@HP hybrid exhibited a significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity, with HER rates reaching 33.2 and 17.5 μmol h −1 from pure water under simulated solar light and visible light irradiation, respectively. It was theoretically and experimentally indicated that the strong electronic coupling between PCN and [001]-oriented HP nanorods gave rise to the enhanced visible light absorption and the greatly accelerated photoinduced electron–hole separation and transfer, which benefited the photocatalytic HER performance.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)868-873
Number of pages6
JournalAngewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Issue number2
Early online date30 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2020


  • Oriented Hittorf's Phosphorus, Polymeric Carbon Nitride, heterostructure, water splitting, Pure water, nanorods, heterostructures, oriented Hittorf's phosphorus, polymeric carbon nitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Sustainable Development Goals