A zoned fishnet metamaterial lens is designed, fabricated, and experimentally demonstrated at millimeter wavelengths to work as a negative near-zero refractive index lens suitable for compact lens antenna configurations. At the design frequency f=56.7GHz (λ0=5.29mm), the zoned fishnet metamaterial lens, designed to have a focal length FL=9λ0, exhibits a refractive index n=-0.25. The focusing performance of the diffractive optical element is briefly compared with that of a non-zoned fishnet metamaterial lens and an isotropic homogeneous zoned lens made of a material with the same refractive index. Experimental and numerically-computed radiation diagrams of the fabricated zoned lens are presented and compared in detail with that of a simulated non-zoned lens. Simulation and experimental results are in good agreement, demonstrating an enhancement generated by the zoned lens of 10.7dB, corresponding to a gain of 12.26dB. Moreover, beam steering capability of the structure by shifting the feeder on the xz-plane is demonstrated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)