Wormholes and entanglement

John C. Baez, Jamie Vicary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Maldacena and Susskind have proposed a correspondence between wormholes and entanglement, dubbed ER=EPR. We study this in the context of three-dimensional topological quantum field theory (TQFT), where we show that the formation of a wormhole is the same process as creating a particle–antiparticle pair. A key feature of the ER=EPR proposal is that certain apparently entangled degrees of freedom turn out to be the same. We name this phenomenon 'fake entanglement', and show how it arises in our TQFT model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number214007
Number of pages11
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number21
Early online date21 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2014


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