Witnessed resuscitation: A concept analysis

Wendy Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


The science and practice of resuscitation is recognised and endorsed on an international level, yet for more than a decade it has appeared in the literature alongside words such as witnessing or witnessed to signify the practice of family presence during a resuscitation attempt. This paper explores the meaning of witnessed resuscitation using the process for concept analysis proposed by Rodgers. The term resuscitation is explored, followed by identification of relevant uses of the concept of witnessed resuscitation. The reader is introduced to conceptual variations that challenge the way in which the concept has become associated with family or relatives presence in the resuscitation room of an accident and emergency department. Conceptual clarity is further enhanced through the identification of references, antecedents and consequences of witnessed resuscitation and by providing a model case of the concept that includes its defining attributes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-387
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2006


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