Widespread and progressive seafloor-sediment failure following volcanic debris avalanche emplacement: Landslide dynamics and timing offshore Montserrat, Lesser Antilles

S.F.L. Watt, P.J. Talling, M.E. Vardy, D.G. Masson, T.J. Henstock, V. Hühnerbach, T.A. Minshull, M. Urlaub, E. Lebas, A. Le Friant, C. Berndt, G.J. Crutchley, J. Karstens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Landslides associated with flank collapse are volumetrically the most significant sediment transport process around volcanic islands. Around Montserrat, in the Lesser Antilles, individual landslide deposits have volumes (1 to 20km ) that are up to two orders of magnitude larger than recent volcanic dome collapses (up to 0.2km ). The largest landslide deposits were emplaced in at least two stages, initiated by the emplacement of volcanic debris avalanches which then triggered larger-scale failure of seafloor sediment, with deformation propagating progressively downslope for up to 30km on gradients of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-94
Number of pages26
JournalMarine Geology
Volume323-325
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012

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