Visible diffraction from graphene and its application in holograms

Haider Butt*, Piran R. Kidambi, Bruno Dlubak, Yunuen Montelongo, Ananta Palani, Gehan A J Amaratunga, Stephan Hofmann, Timothy D. Wilkinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A fundamental study of visible diffraction effects from patterned graphene layers is presented. By patterning graphene into optical gratings, visible diffraction from graphene is experimentally measured as a function of the number of layers and visible wavelengths. A practical application of these effects is also presented, by demonstrating an optical hologram based on graphene. A high resolution (pixel size 400 nm) intensity hologram is fabricated which, in response to incident laser light, generates a visible image. These findings suggest that visible diffraction in graphene can find practical application in holograms and should also be considered during the design and characterisation of graphene-based optical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-874
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013


  • Diffraction gratings
  • Graphene
  • Holograms
  • Visible diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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