Vehicle-induced force on pedestrians

A Sanz-Andres, A Laveron, A Cuerva, Christopher Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


The main object of this study is to contribute to the study of the train-induced force on pedestrians with a theoretical model based on unsteady potential flow. The same method can be applied to other bodies and other kind of moving vehicles. The outcome of this theoretical model is that the force coefficient (referred to the vehicle speed and the pedestrian cross-section diameter) acting on the pedestrian are proportional to a single parameter which involves the pedestrian cross-section diameter, the vehicle cross-section area and the distance between the pedestrian and the vehicle. The results of the present model concerning the change in modulus and orientation experienced by the pedestrian, as the vehicles pass by, has a similar appearance to that considered in the European standards. The results obtained are mainly qualitative because of the simplifying assumptions needed to obtain a simple formulation leading to analytical results, except in the case of a vehicle with streamlined front shapes, where quantitative results can be expected. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-198
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2004


  • pedestrian
  • vehicle
  • cylinder
  • train
  • non-steady loads


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