Vascular function in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus

MM Hannemann, WG Lidell, AC Shore, Penelope Clark, JE Tooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)


It is hypothesised that vascular dysfunction, which characterises type 2 diabetes, may predate development of hyperglycaemia. 17 women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus, and thus at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, were matched with normal controls for body mass index, menstrual phase, smoking, age, blood pressure, and lipid profiles. All had normal glucose tolerance. Tests of microvascular and macrovascular function, including endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatation, were performed. Laser Doppler fluximetry of maximum skin microvascular hyperaemia in response to local heating of the dorsum of the foot to 42 degrees C for 30 min was impaired in subjects compared to controls [subjects = 1.15 (0.73-1.73) V median (range) versus controls = 1.50 (0.95-2.29) V, p = 0.008]. There were no differences in laser Doppler perfusion imaging of responses to forearm skin iontophoresis of acetylcholine [subjects = 1.59 (0.32-2.55) V median (range) versus controls = 1.79 (0.72-2.06) V; p = 0.81] and sodium nitroprusside [subjects = 1.39 (0.8-3.14) V versus controls = 1.41 (0.34-2.19) V; p = 0.68], ultrasound estimation of brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation [subjects = 1.65 (-0.5-9.07)% versus controls = 2.77 (0.63-6.6)%; p = 0.42] and glyceryl trinitrate-induced dilatation [subjects = 15.20 (6.64-20.91)% versus controls = 15.92 (3.94-22.09)%; p = 0.48]. Microvascular maximum hyperaemia was impaired in the index group, suggesting the presence of a defect in vascular function. This defect was not explained by those aspects of endothelial function measured by the other techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-319
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


Dive into the research topics of 'Vascular function in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this