Validity and reliability of the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ) with youth athletes

Mark Holland, Lee-Ann Sharp, Charlotte Woodcock, Jennifer Cumming, Joan Duda

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Grounded in Self Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985), the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (Lonsdale, Hodge & Rose, 2008) measures 6 motivation regulations (Intrinsic Motivation (IM), Integrated Regulation (IG), Identified Regulation (ID), Introjected Regulation (IJ), Extrinsic Regulation (ER), and Amotivation (AM)) assumed to be relevant to sport participants. The purpose of the current study was to examine the validity and reliability of a 24 item version of the BRSQ (with IM measured as a uni- dimensional concept; Deci & Ryan, 1985) within a youth population. Participants were male (n = 431) and female (n = 152) athletes (M age = 15.4, SD = 1.23) from a range of team and individual sports. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a poor model fit to the hypothesized factor structure (chi^2 (237) = 902.09, RMSEA = .07, SRMR = .07, CFI = .91, TLI = .89). Modification indices suggested the removal of two items, one from the IG and the IJ subscales. A re-specified model showed improvement (chi^2 (191) = 557.37, RMSEA = .06, SRMR = .06, CFI = .95, TLI = .94) and was adopted for subsequent analyses. Internal reliability was found to be acceptable for all 6 subscales with Cronbach alphas from .74 to .86. Convergent validity was assessed using a subsample of 402 participants who completed the general self subscale of the Self-Description Questionnaire II (Marsh, 1990). As hypothesized (Deci & Ryan, 2000), bivariate correlations showed a small but significant positive association between self-worth and IM (r = .13, p = .01) and small negative associations with ER (r = −.15, p <.01) and AM (r = −.14, p < .01). Finally, 39 participants completed the BRSQ on 2 separate occasions 4 months apart to assess test-retest reliability. Interclass correlations revealed moderate reliabilities with lower test-retest reliability for the AM subscales (IM = .60, IG = .65, ID = .73, IJ = .66, ER = .59, Am = .41). In conclusion, this research offers some support for the psychometric properties of a 22 item BRSQ in the case of youth sport participants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-176
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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