Validation of diffuse correlation spectroscopy measures of critical closing pressure against transcranial Doppler ultrasound in stroke patients

Kuan-Cheng Wu, John Sunwoo, Faheem Sheriff, Parisa Farzam, Parya Y. Farzam, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Sarah L. LaRose, Andrew D. Monk, Mohammed Ali Aziz-Sultan, Nirav Patel, Henrikas Vaitkevicius, Maria Angela Franceschini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Significance: Intracranial pressure (ICP), variability in perfusion, and resulting ischemia are leading causes of secondary brain injury in patients treated in the neurointensive care unit. Continuous, accurate monitoring of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and ICP guide intervention and ultimately reduce morbidity and mortality. Currently, only invasive tools are used to monitor patients at high risk for intracranial hypertension.

Aim: Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS), a noninvasive near-infrared optical technique, is emerging as a possible method for continuous monitoring of CBF and critical closing pressure (CrCP or zero-flow pressure), a parameter directly related to ICP.

Approach: We optimized DCS hardware and algorithms for the quantification of CrCP. Toward its clinical translation, we validated the DCS estimates of cerebral blood flow index (CBFi) and CrCP in ischemic stroke patients with respect to simultaneously acquired transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and CrCP.

Results: We found CrCP derived from DCS and TCD were highly linearly correlated (ipsilateral R2  =  0.77, p  =  9  ×  10  −  7; contralateral R2  =  0.83, p  =  7  ×  10  −  8). We found weaker correlations between CBFi and CBFV (ipsilateral R2  =  0.25, p  =  0.03; contralateral R2  =  0.48, p  =  1  ×  10  −  3) probably due to the different vasculature measured.

Conclusion: Our results suggest DCS is a valid alternative to TCD for continuous monitoring of CrCP.
Original languageEnglish
Article number036008
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • critical closing pressure
  • diffuse correlation spectroscopy
  • intracranial pressure
  • ischemic stroke
  • near-infrared spectroscopy

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