A series of triphenylenes with oligoethoxy chains of various length, TP6EOnM with n = 2, 3, 4, has been synthesised and purified by HPLC. The self-association of these disc-shaped molecules in dilute aqueous solutions (~10-7 to ~4 × 10-4 M) has been studied by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy. The free energy of association decreases as the length of the chains increases. As a result, for a given concentration, the average size of aggregate diminishes as the chain length increases. While the absorption properties of the monomer are identical for the three molecules, the extinction coefficients of solutions of the three triphenylenes at a given concentration are significantly different and are directly linked to the average size of the aggregates. The change of epsilon values upon aggregation could explain the trend generally observed with dyes for solar cells substituted with chains of increasing length showing increasing extinction coefficient values.
- UV-visible absorption
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