Using dielectrophoresis to study the dynamic response of single budding yeast cells to Lyticase

S.-Y. Tang, P. Yi, R. Soffe, S. Nahavandi, R. Shukla, K. Khoshmanesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Budding yeast cells are quick and easy to grow and represent a versatile model of eukaryotic cells for a variety of cellular studies, largely because their genome has been widely studied and links can be drawn with higher eukaryotes. Therefore, the efficient separation, immobilization, and conversion of budding yeasts into spheroplast or protoplast can provide valuable insight for many fundamentals investigations in cell biology at a single cell level. Dielectrophoresis, the induced motion of particles in non-uniform electric fields, possesses a great versatility for manipulation of cells in microfluidic platforms. Despite this, dielectrophoresis has been largely utilized for studying of non-budding yeast cells and has rarely been used for manipulation of budding cells. Here, we utilize dielectrophoresis for studying the dynamic response of budding cells to different concentrations of Lyticase. This involves separation of the budding yeasts from a background of non-budding cells and their subsequent immobilization onto the microelectrodes at desired densities down to single cell level. The immobilized yeasts are then stimulated with Lyticase to remove the cell wall and convert them into spheroplasts, in a highly dynamic process that depends on the concentration of Lyticase. We also introduce a novel method for immobilization of the cell organelles released from the lysed cells by patterning multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) between the microelectrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3437-3448
Number of pages12
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue number12
Early online date21 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - May 2015


  • Microfluidics
  • Dielectrophoresis
  • Yeast


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