Urban agriculture: evaluating informal and formal practices

Michael Hardman, Rebecca St Clair, David Adams, Richard Armitage, Peter Larkham, Veronica Barry, Graeme Sherriff

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Urban agriculture (UA) is a fast-increasing element in many settlements in the Global North. This paper reviews the diversity of UA activity, ranging from legal to illegal, formal to informal. Focusing particularly on current research on UA projects in England, including small-scale guerrilla gardening and large community projects supported by community and government funding, we look at the realities of UA. We suggest that it is under-theorised as previous research has focused on practicalities and activism. In particular, we highlight the problematic contribution of UA to food production, the wider value in terms of community development, health and wellbeing, and warn of the danger of the ‘local trap’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalNorth West Geography
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • urban agriculture
  • sustainable cities
  • food security
  • green infrastructure


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