Unifying structural priming effects on syntactic choices and timing of sentence generation

Katrien Segaert, Linda Wheeldon, Peter Hagoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
129 Downloads (Pure)


We investigated whether structural priming of production latencies is sensitive to the same factors known to influence persistence of structural choices: structure preference, cumulativity and verb repetition. In two experiments, we found structural persistence only for passives (inverse preference effect) while priming effects on latencies were stronger for the actives (positive preference effect). We found structural persistence for passives to be influenced by immediate primes and long lasting cumulativity (all preceding primes) (Experiment 1), and to be boosted by verb repetition (Experiment 2). In latencies we found effects for actives were sensitive to long lasting cumulativity (Experiment 1). In Experiment 2, in latencies we found priming for actives overall, while for passives the priming effects emerged as the cumulative exposure increased but only when also aided by verb repetition. These findings are consistent with the Two-stage Competition model, an integrated model of structural priming effects for sentence choice and latency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-80
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Early online date26 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


  • Structural priming
  • Syntactic choice
  • Production latency
  • Cumulativity
  • Verb repetition
  • Structure preference


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