Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is characterised by the accumulation of mature B lymphocytes. Defects in the tumour suppressor gene p53 pathway are known to be important in CLL and p53 inactivation is associated with a particularly aggressive form of CLL. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in codon 72 of TP53 leads to a single amino acid change leading to a change in apoptotic potential and alters prognosis in squamous carcinomas. A polymorphism within intron 6 of TP53 has been postulated to alter the susceptibility to lung cancer. Our study looked at the influence of these two polymorphisms in a cohort of approximately 200 CLL patients. The codon 72 polymorphism A2/A2 genotype (homozygous arginine) was associated with an increased susceptibility to CLL and CD38 negativity but did not appear to influence other biological behaviour or clinical response. The intron 6 polymorphism A2/A2 genotype was strongly associated with early stage disease, CD38 negativity and a longer time to first treatment. The effect on time to treatment did not retain significance in multivariate analysis and the polymorphism did not predict for overall survival (OS). Detailed investigation of the complete TP53 genotype is warranted to further characterise the role of SNPs in p53 and their influence on CLL. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- chronic lymphocytic leukaemia