Turbomachinery component manufacture by application of electrochemical, electro-physical and photonic processes

Fritz Klocke, Andreas Klink*, Drazen Veselovac, David Keith Aspinwall, Sein Leung Soo, Michael Schmidt, Johannes Schilp, Gideon Levy, Jean Pierre Kruth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Citations (Scopus)
316 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents an overview of the current technological and economical capabilities of electrochemical (ECM-based), electro-physical (EDM-based) and photonic (Laser-/EBM-based) additive and removal processes for turbomachinery component manufacture. Starting with the industrial demands and challenges of today, the technologies are reviewed in detail regarding achievable geometrical precision and surface integrity as well as material removal and deposition rates for conventionally difficult-to-cut Ti- and Ni-based alloys and dedicated steels. Past, existing and future areas of technology application of these advanced non-mechanical manufacturing processes are discussed. The paper focusses on the description of shaping processes therefore excludes pure welding or coating applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-726
Number of pages24
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Manufacturing
  • Material Removal
  • Turbomachinery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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