Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in refractory chylothorax due to liver cirrhosis

Philipp Lutz, Holger Strunk, Hans Heinz Schild, Tilman Sauerbruch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


A pleural effusion containing chylomicrons is termed chylothorax and results from leakage of lymph fluid into the pleural cavity. We report on the case of a 59-year-old woman with severe dyspnea due to a large chylothorax. She was known to have liver cirrhosis but no ascites. There was no history of trauma, cardiac function was normal and thorough diagnostic work-up did not reveal any signs of malignancy. In summary, no other etiology of the chylothorax than portal hypertension could be found. Therapy with diuretics as well as parenteral feeding failed to relieve symptoms. After a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) had successfully been placed, pleural effusion decreased considerably. Eight months later, TIPS revision had to be performed because of stenosis, resulting in remission from chylothorax. This case shows that even in the absence of ascites, chylothorax might be caused by portal hypertension and that TIPS can be an effective treatment option.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-2
Number of pages3
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2013


  • Chylothorax
  • Diuretics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Portal
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Middle Aged
  • Parenteral Nutrition
  • Phlebography
  • Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic
  • Treatment Outcome


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