Transition to shear banding in pipe and Couette flow of wormlike micellar solutions

Melanie Britton, RW Mair, RK Lambert, PT Callaghan

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90 Citations (Scopus)


We used both conventional rheometry and nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR)velocimetry to study shear banding in a solution of 200 mM cetylpyridinium chloride and 120 mM sodium salicylate in 0.5 M sodium chloride. The solution behaved as a Maxwell fluid up to frequencies of 10 Hz. Theoretical predictions of critical strain rate and shear stress were in good agreement with measurements obtained using controlled strain rate rheometry. Using NMRvelocimetry, we observed convincing evidence of shear banding in capillary flow with a band of very high, approximately constant, shear rate next to the wall that grew in thickness with increasing apparent shear rate. We believe that the shear rate in this band (∼600 s−1) marks the beginning of the hypothesized high shear rate limb of the flow curve. We also observed shear banding in both the cylindrical Couette and cone-and-plate geometries. Shear banding started at shear rates that were approximately the same as the critical shear rate measured with the mechanical rheometer. With increasing shear rate in the fluid, more than two shear bands were sometimes evident, although they exhibited dynamical instabilities. That is, the highest shear rate band was variable in both magnitude and position.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-909
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Rheology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999


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