Toxigenic Helicobacter pylori induces changes in the gastric mucosal microcirculation in rats

Neena Kalia, KD Bardhan, JC Atherton, NJ Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the key components of inflammation is changes in vascular structure and function. This suggests that the microcirculation may be a key target of Helicobacter pylori released factors. It has previously been shown in vivo that pooled H pylori extracts from duodenal ulcer/gastritis patients induce platelet aggregation but no leucocyte activation within rat gastric mucosal microcirculation (GMMC). However, infection with strains associated with ulcer disease as compared with gastritis may exert greater effects on the microcirculation. This study used fluorescent in vivo microscopy to determine the acute effects of extracts of genotypically different H pylori strains on the GMMC. METHODS: Three H pylori extracts, with different cagA and VacA toxigenic status, were individually administered to the gastric mucosa of anaesthetised Wistar rats. The mucosal surface was visualised via an incision made in the exteriorised stomach. Fluoroscein isothiocyanate conjugated to bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) or acridine orange was used to quantify macromolecular leak (MML) and leucocyte/platelet activity respectively for 120 minutes. Changes in capillary and post-capillary venule (PCV) diameters were also monitored. RESULTS: The cagA(+) VacA toxigenic strain 60190 induced significant and sustained MML by five minutes (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-647
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2002


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