Towards making mathematics a first class citizen in general screen readers

Volker Sorge, Charles Chen, T. V. Raman, David Tseng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)


The text to speech translation of mathematical expressions has always been a challenging problem, which has not diminished by more and more content moving to the web. In this paper we present our efforts of making the speech translation of mathematical formulas a first class citizen in ChromeVox, a general screen reader for the Chrome browser. We exploit ChromeVox's ability to handle alternative representations of DOM elements for translation of mathematical content given in a variety of web formats into uniform utterances. We present a format of flexible and adaptable speech rules that support the customization of aural rendering of mathematics and introduce a specially semantically enriched representation of expressions that allows for a more natural reading experience. To further aid understanding of the math we exploit ChromeVox's idea of letting users engage with content on different levels of granularity to enable interactive exploration of complex mathematical formulas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationW4A 2014 - Proceedings of the 11th Web for All Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9781450326513
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2014
Event11th International Web for All Conference, W4A 2014 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 7 Apr 20149 Apr 2014


Conference11th International Web for All Conference, W4A 2014
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • ChromeVox
  • Mathematics
  • Screen reader

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

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