Towards an integrated understanding of green space in the European built environment

P James, K Tzoulas, MD Adams, A Barber, J Box, J Breuste, T Elmqvist, M Frith, C Gordon, KL Greening, J Handley, S Haworth, AE Kazmierczak, M Johnston, K Korpela, M Moretti, J Niemela, S Pauleit, MH Roe, Jonathan SadlerCW Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

251 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years social, economic and environmental considerations have led to a reevaluation of the factors that contribute to sustainable urban environments. Increasingly, urban green space is seen as an integral part of cities providing a range of services to both the people and the wildlife living in urban areas. With this recognition and resulting from the simultaneous provision of different services, there is a real need to identify a research framework in which to develop multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research on urban green space. In order to address these needs, an iterative process based on the delphi technique was developed, which comprised email-mediated discussions and a two-day symposium involving experts from various disciplines. The two outputs of this iterative process were (i) an integrated framework for multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research and (ii) a catalogue of key research questions in urban green space research. The integrated framework presented here includes relevant research areas (i.e. ecosystem services, drivers of change, pressures on urban green space, human processes and goals of provision of urban green space) and emergent research themes in urban green space studies (i.e. physicality, experience, valuation, management and governance). Collectively these two outputs have the potential to establish an international research agenda for urban green space, which can contribute to the better understanding of people's relationship with cities. (C) 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalUrban Forestry & Urban Greening
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Delphi technique
  • Research agenda
  • Urban ecology


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