Zeolites are a class of materials that are of great relevance for industrial catalysis. Several fundamental questions relating to the structure and role of the Lewis acid sites in these materials remain unanswered. Proposals for the origin of such species can broadly be classified into three categories, which have distinct structures: extra-framework, framework-associated and framework aluminium. In this Perspective, we review each of these proposals and proceed to analyse their suitability to understand experimental results. Contrary to traditional belief, the number of Lewis acid sites does not always correlate to extra-framework aluminium content. As a result, we highlight that the terms ‘extra-framework’ and ‘framework-associated’ aluminium should be used with caution. We propose how the usage of different characterization techniques can enable the closure of knowledge gaps concerning the strength, multiplicity, localization and structure of catalytically active Lewis acid sites in zeolites.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the ESI Platform of the Paul Scherrer Institute and ETH Zurich for financial support.
© 2020, Springer Nature Limited.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering