The Ruddlesden–Popper (K2NiF4) type phase La2NiO3F2 was prepared via a polymer-based fluorination of La2NiO4+d. The compound was found to crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Cccm (a = 12.8350(4) Å, b = 5.7935(2) Å, c = 5.4864(2) Å). This structural distortion results from an ordered half occupation of the interstitial anion layers and has not been observed previously for K2NiF4-type oxyfluoride compounds. From a combination of neutron and X-ray powder diffraction and 19F magic-angle spinning NMR spectroscopy, it was found that the fluoride ions are only located on the apical anion sites, whereas the oxide ions are located on the interstitial sites. This ordering results in a weakening of the magnetic Ni–F–F–Ni superexchange interactions between the perovskite layers and a reduction of the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature to 49 K. Below 30 K, a small ferromagnetic component was found, which may be the result of a magnetic canting within the antiferromagnetic arrangement and will be the subject of a future low-temperature neutron diffraction study. Additionally, density functional theory-based calculations were performed to further investigate different anion ordering scenarios.