Time-resolved synchrotron diffractometry of phase transformations in high strength nickel-based superalloys

D. M. Collins*, D. J. Crudden, E. Alabort, T. Connolley, R. C. Reed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Phase transformations in prototype high strength polycrystalline nickel-based superalloys of varying Ti/Nb ratio are studied using time-resolved, high resolution X-ray synchrotron diffractometry. The dissolution kinetics of the ordered phase Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb, Ta) upon heating to the solutioning temperature of ∼1200 °C and its reprecipitation on cooling are deduced; effects of varying Nb and Ti alloy composition on the reaction kinetics are identified. Heating to 800 °C does not alter substantially the fraction of the strengthening phase Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb, Ta) but further heating causes its rapid dissolution. At higher temperatures, evidence is provided for the formation of further ordered phases; Ni3(Ti, Ta) is proposed and possibly Ni0.45Ta0.55; cooling causes their dissolution and reprecipitation of Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb, Ta), so that it seems probable that the reactions are coupled. The unforeseen high temperature precipitation of further ordering by phases other than Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb, Ta) implies the possibility of a contribution by them to the high temperature mechanical behaviour of these materials, which until now has been thought to be solely due to Ni3(Al, Ti, Nb, Ta). The MC carbide, probably TiC, is stable even at the solution heat treatment temperature; no evidence of reactions involving other carbides such as M23C6 is found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-256
Number of pages13
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015


  • Alloy compositions
  • Lattice misfit
  • Ni-based superalloys
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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