Time Projection Chamber (TPC) detectors for nuclear astrophysics studies with gamma beams

M. Gai, D. Schweitzer, S. R. Stern, A. H. Young, R. Smith, M. Cwiok, J. S. Bihalowicz, H. Czyrkowski, R. Dabrowski, W. Dominik, A. Fijalkowska, Z. Janas, L. Janiak, A. Korgul, T. Matulewicz, C. Mazzocchi, M. Pfützner, M. Zaremba, D. Balabanski, I. GheorgheC. Matei, O. Tesileanu, N. V. Zamfir, M. W. Ahmed, S. S. Henshaw, C. R. Howell, J. M. Mueller, L. S. Myers, S. Stave, C. Sun, H. R. Weller, Y. K. Wu, A. Breskin, V. Dangendorf, K. Tittelmeier, M. Freer

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Abstract

Gamma-Beams at the HIγS facility in the USA and anticipated at the ELI-NP facility, now constructed in Romania, present unique new opportunities to advance research in nuclear astrophysics; not the least of which is resolving open questions in oxygen formation during stellar helium burning via a precise measurement of the 12 C(α,γ) reaction. Time projection chamber (TPC) detectors operating with low pressure gas (as an active target) are ideally suited for such studies. We review the progress of the current research program and plans for the future at the HIγS facility with the optical readout TPC (O-TPC) and the development of an electronic readout TPC for the ELI-NP facility (ELITPC).

Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A. Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors
Early online date9 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Time Projection Chamber
  • optical readout
  • electronic readout
  • gamma-beams
  • nuclear astrophysics
  • stellar helium burning

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