Thermo-catalytic reforming of pulper rejects from a secondary fibre mill

Miloud Ouadi*, Charles Greenhalf, Nils Jaeger, Lais Galileu Speranza, Andreas Hornung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper investigates thermal conversion of pre-treated pulper reject waste using a Thermo-Catalytic Reforming process (TCR®) for production of biofuels. Approximately 40% of the original feedstock energy was transferred to the solid and liquid energy vectors. The bio-oil organic fraction accounts for approximately 35% of total liquid yield with a HHV of 40.17 MJ/kg. The two most abundant compounds were oleic acid methyl ester (18.90%; C18:1 FAME) and naphthalene (16.23%). The bio-oil exhibits characteristics well suited for blending with fossil fuels. The other products formed was a synthesis gas with hydrogen content of 29.33 vol% which is attractive for hydrogen separation for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, process heating and other high value applications. The gasification of char is also a promising valorisation opportunity. TCR technology was able to tolerate high plastic content in the feedstock and produced a liquid fuel analogue to the fossil fuels, therefore, this paper highlighted the advantages of the TCR technology as a promising route for pulper rejects valorisation to produce energy vectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy Focus
Early online date30 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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