Thermal abatement of nitrogen-containing hydrocarbons by non-catalytic supercritical water oxidation (SCWO)

Bushra Al-Duri, L Pinto, NH Ashraf-Ball, Regina Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)


This work investigated the destruction of N-containing hydrocarbons namely DBU (1,8-diazobicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene) and DMF (dimethyl formamide) by supercritical water oxidation (SCWO), using hydrogen peroxide as oxidant. Reactions were conducted under temperatures of (400-650 degrees C), pressures of (50-250 bars), oxidant stoichiometric ratio SR (0.9-12), initial concentrations of organics (0.1-8.4 mM) and residence time tau (6-17 s). Reactions took place in a plug flow continuous reactor and the results were presented in terms of the % removal (of TOC and the organic compound), C-fraction and N-fraction; all plotted as function of the above system conditions. Also, GC-MS analysis for DMF was conducted. Percent removal increased with temperature and complete organic- and > 90% TOC removal, was obtained at 500 and 600 degrees C for DMF and DBU respectively. Conversion increased with the oxidant SR, residence time and initial organic concentration. Pressure affected conversion in the sub- and near-critical conditions but not in the supercritical region, yet an initial value of 150 bar was required to start the reaction. Pseudo first order-, integral power rate law-, and power law models successfully described the kinetic data; and the reaction constants for each model and energy of activation were evaluated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1421-1428
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number4
Early online date12 Dec 2007
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2008


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