The validity of using profile predictions for class III patients planned for bimaxillary orthognathic surgery

Sarah Franks, Anant Bakshi, Balvinder Khambay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study assessed whether pre-operative class III patients could recreate their facial difference based on a profile photograph. Twenty class III pre-surgery bimaxillary orthognathic patients used CASSOS (SoftEnable Technology Ltd.) to manipulate a distorted soft tissue image of them until they felt it resembled their current soft tissue profile. Patients were able to move their upper lip and lower chin backward and forwards, as well as the lower chin up and down. Differences in the mean absolute distance between the patient-perceived position of the upper lip (Labrale superious) and chin (Pogonion) and the actual position of their upper lip and chin were measured on two occasions. Intra-patient reproducibility was found to be excellent (ICC 0.93 to 0.98). All differences were statistically significantly greater than 3mm, and would be clinically significant. Patients were better at re-creating their AP chin position rather than their AP upper lip and vertical chin positions. Approximately half of patients undergoing surgical correction of their class III skeletal pattern were unable to correctly identify their pre-surgical facial profile. Given the lack of awareness of their profile, this questions the validity of using profile planning for informed consent.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
Early online date6 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • self-perception
  • facial profile
  • photocephalometeric planning
  • 3D planning
  • prediction planning

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