The transfer of Tax Increment Financing (TIF) as an urban policy for spatially targeted economic development

Graham Squires*, Alexander Duncan Lord, Graham Squires

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Urban policy transfer between the US and UK has long been of interest to researchers and practitioners. Given the recent wider context of reduced direct funding and the absence of a coherent regeneration policy, this paper considers the introduction of Tax Increment Financing (TIF) to the UK as a method of stimulating spatially targeted economic development initiatives. The paper explores whether TIF could be considered a form of policy transfer, and in doing so uncovers whether the transfer of TIF could - (a) be successful and unsuccessful under certain circumstances; (b) require the actions of certain stakeholders; and (c) be enabled via prescribed frameworks and negotiation. The results are evidenced using qualitative approaches and find that TIF is more of a modified policy 'idea' rather than transfer. Further discussion argues that TIF can be successful, if it considers flexible but local elements and has the capacity to balance stakeholders for development brokerage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-826
Number of pages10
JournalLand Use Policy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


  • Economic development
  • Spatial planning
  • Tax Increment Financing
  • Urban policy
  • Urban regeneration
  • Urban renewal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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