After the nucleation and sedimentation of primary Fe-rich phases, the microstructures of Al-11.5Si-0.4Mg cast alloys with 0.35-1.03Fe and 0.18-0.59Mn have been studied to investigate the solidification characteristics of Fe-rich phases. Depending on the iron and manganese contents as well as cooling rates, Fe-rich phases may solidify as predendritic (primary), pre-eutectic, coeutectic, and posteutectic intermetallics at the different stages of solidification through three types of reactions: (1) predendritic (primary), (2) eutectic, and (3) peritectic reactions. It seems that Fe-rich phases may nucleate on the wetted sides of double oxide films, while the gap of the dry sides of oxide films constitutes the cracks commonly observed in the Fe-rich phases and aluminum matrix. Conventional metallurgical observations also suggest that the Fe-rich phases nucleated early during the solidification might act as nuclei for those formed subsequently, although it has not been ruled out that these phases may share the same oxide substrates. It is probable that these nucleation events may all work as suggested in the possible nucleation hierarchy for Al-11.5Si-0.4Mg cast alloys.
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2003|