The role of tourism in personal nationalism: a case study

Julie S. Tinson*, Michael A.J. Saren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Drawing on interviews with twenty tourists at the National Wallace Monument in Stirling, Scotland, this case study uses the concept of personal nationalism to understand how national identity is interpreted and communicated in personal and (post) tourist space. It uses a narrative analysis of domestic and international tourists’ experiences to realise how heritage tourism sites could benefit from understanding individual meanings of a nation. The research reveals personal nationalism is characterised by inclusion, interaction and individualisation. Participants consolidate their personal nationalism by connecting with and on behalf of others as well as through various ways of belonging, and by interpreting their experiences in relation to their families. The findings represent a nuanced articulation of the role of tourism in the appropriation of national symbols, myths and values by tourists at a national heritage site. The study offers an alternative perspective on the relevance of what cultural producers convey to tourists.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104612
Number of pages8
JournalTourism Management
Early online date27 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022


  • Braveheart
  • Heritage
  • Identity
  • Personal nationalism
  • Symbols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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