The oral health and periodontal diseases awareness and knowledge in the Iraqi population: online‐based survey

Hayder R. Abdulbaqi, Ali A. Abdulkareem, Muhanad L. Alshami, Michael Milward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
264 Downloads (Pure)


Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate oral health (OH) and periodontal diseases (PD) awareness in the Iraqi population.

Material and methods: This study was a questionnaire-based online survey of two weeks duration. The questionnaire was built using a Google platform and was distributed randomly via social media (Facebook and Telegram). The questionnaire consisted of a demographic data section and two other main sections for the evaluation of OH and PD awareness. Each response was marked with “1” for a positive answer and “0” for the other answers. For each respondent, answers were summed to give an overall score. The frequency of positive responses was used to determine the association of awareness with demographic data and the level of awareness into low, moderate, and high levels.

Results: A total of 1,465 were included in the final analysis after application of exclusion criteria. The respondents showed significantly higher levels of awareness about PD (mean ± SD = 3.66 ± 1.42) than OH awareness (mean ± SD = 2.19 ± 1.29). Analysis of data showed that OH awareness was mainly associated with high degree holders (OR 1.851) and age > 45 years (OR 1.730). However, PD awareness did not show any evident association with demographic variables investigated. In general, the respondents exhibited low levels of OH knowledge and low to moderate level of PD knowledge.

Conclusions: Despite limitations, this study revealed inappropriate levels of OH and PD awareness and knowledge in the Iraqi population and provided the baseline data necessary for the development of Governmental educational programs and health awareness campaigns which are highly suggested particularly focusing on the primary and high schools, in an attempt to improve the levels of awareness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-528
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Dental Research
Issue number5
Early online date26 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • dental health
  • oral health
  • periodontal diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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