Peptides corresponding to the N-terminus of skeletal myosin light chain 1 (rsMLC1 1-37) and the short loop of human cardiac beta-myosin (hcM398-414) have been shown to interact with skeletal F-actin by NMR and fluorescence measurements. Skeletal tropomyosin strengthens the binding of the myosin peptides to actin but does not interact with the peptides. The binding of peptides corresponding to the inhibitory region of cardiac troponin I (e.g. hcTnI128-153) to F-actin to form a 1 : 1 molar complex is also strengthened in the presence of tropomyosin. In the presence of inhibitory peptide at relatively lower concentrations the myosin peptides and a troponin I peptide C-terminal to the inhibitory region, rcTnI161-181, all dissociate from F-actin. Structural and fluorescence evidence indicate that the troponin I inhibitory region and the myosin peptides do not bind in an identical manner to F-actin. It is concluded that the binding of the inhibitory region of troponin I to F-actin produces a conformational change in the actin monomer with the result that interaction at different locations of F-actin is impeded. These observations are interpreted to indicate that a major conformational change occurs in actin on binding to troponin I that is fundamental to the regulatory process in muscle. The data are discussed in the context of tropomyosin's ability to stabilize the actin filament and facilitate the transmission of the conformational change to actin monomers not in direct contact with troponin I.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2002|
- conformational change
- cardiac troponin I
- myosin peptides