The influence of flash boiling conditions on spray characteristics with closely coupled split injection strategy

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The isooctane spray characteristics under various flash boiling conditions were studied with high speed imaging technique and Phase Doppler particle Analyser (PDPA) technique. The potential of closely coupled split injection strategy to alleviate fuel impingement and the corresponding spray characteristics were also investigated. It was found that flash boiling led to obvious collapse of spray and improved atomization. The increasing strength of flash boiling (excluding the transitional stage) resulted in increasing penetration and potential impingement. Stronger flash boiling caused smaller droplets and higher possibility for the droplets to further breakup. Closely coupled split injection strategy effectively reduced the overall spray penetration and the potential impingement. The flash boiling considerably weakened the collision between split injections and the interaction in liquid phase but strengthened the interaction in gas phase. The dwell interval exerted marginal effects on the penetration rate for each split injection event under flash boiling conditions due to the weakened interaction in liquid phase. By contrast, under non-flash boiling condition, the second split injection observably affected by the variation of dwell interval. Besides, split injection strategy resulted in larger droplet sizes than single injection strategy and the increasing flash boiling strength decreased the size difference between injection strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-525
JournalApplied Energy
Issue number1
Early online date1 Dec 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Split injection
  • Droplet
  • Flash boiling
  • Spray


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