The incidence and prevalence of adult primary Sjögren’s Syndrome in New York County

Caroline Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
225 Downloads (Pure)


Objective: Extant epidemiologic data of primary Sjögren’s Syndrome (pSS) remains limited, particularly for racial/ethnic populations in the United States (US). The Manhattan Lupus Surveillance Program (MLSP), a population-based retrospective registry of cases with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and related diseases including pSS in Manhattan, was used to provide estimates of the incidence and prevalence of pSS across major racial/ethnic populations.

Methods: MLSP cases were identified from hospitals, rheumatologists, and population databases. Three case definitions were used for pSS: physician diagnosis, rheumatologist diagnosis, and modified pSS criteria. Rates among Manhattan residents were age-adjusted, and capture-recapture analyses were conducted to assess case under-ascertainment.

Results: By physician diagnosis, age-adjusted overall incidence and prevalence rates of pSS among adult Manhattan residents were 3.5 and 13.1 per 100,000 person-years. Capture-recapture adjustment increased incidence and prevalence rates (4.1 and 14.2). Based on physician diagnosis, incidence and prevalence rates were approximately 6 times higher among women than men (p<0.01). Incidence of pSS was statistically higher among non-Latina Asian (10.5) and non-Latina White women (6.2) compared with Latina women (3.2). Incidence was also higher among non-Latina Asian women compared with non-Latina Black women (3.3). Prevalence of pSS did not differ by race/ethnicity. Similar trends were observed when more restrictive case definitions were applied.

Conclusion: Data from the MLSP revealed disparities in pSS incidence and prevalence by sex among Manhattan residents and differences in pSS incidence by race/ethnicity among women. These data also provided epidemiologic estimates for the major racial/ethnic populations in the US.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-960
Number of pages12
JournalArthritis Care & Research
Issue number7
Early online date25 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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