The impact of Pickering intervention on the stability of W1/O/W2 double emulsions of relevance to foods

Fotios Spyropoulos, Laudina Duffus, Paul Smith, Ian Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
215 Downloads (Pure)


Although water-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) double emulsions have been associated with a spectrum of potential applications in foods, their complex microstructure is significantly unstable. Pickering stabilization, reputed for
superior and longer-term interfacial stabilization when compared to surfactant-stabilized systems, could provide the opportunity to enhance double-emulsion stability. The current work presents a systematic study on the impact of progressively adopting such a Pickering intervention onto one
or both interfaces of W1/O/W2 emulsions relevant to foods. A range of surfactants/emulsifiers and particles have been used at the W1/O or O/W2 interface of the W1/O/W2 microstructure and, where appropriate, cross-compared with the equivalent interfaces of simple emulsions (W/O and O/W, respectively). As the aqueous compartments of all investigated systems were not osmotically balanced (at the point of formulating/forming these), any advantages in terms of double-emulsion stability enhancement can be directly attributed to the employed particle stabilization. It is demonstrated that, although partial Pickering intervention can encourage stability (particularly if that is introduced at the inner W1/O interface), only complete
Pickering stabilization of the double microstructure can ensure that the oil globule size is maintained and the internal water phase is retained over a storage period of one month.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15137-15150
Number of pages14
Issue number47
Early online date30 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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