The formation of phosphate coatings on nitrided stainless steel

J Flis, J Mankowski, T Zakroczymski, Thomas Bell

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X10Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel was plasma nitrided at 600 degreesC or 575 degreesC for 9 h and then subjected to the phosphating in zinc and manganese/iron phosphate baths. Depth profile analysis by glow discharge optical emission spectrometry (GDOES) showed that the coatings obtained in the Mn/Fe phosphate bath were about 10 mum thick and were enriched in chromium. Surface analyses by GDOES and Auger electron spectroscopy indicated that the outer layers of the coatings were composed mainly of the components from the bath, whereas the constituents from the steel prevailed in deeper layers. Anodic behaviour of the phosphated and post-treated steel was examined in 0.1 M Na2SO4 of PH 3.0 or 6.4 by measuring polarisation curves and linear polarisation resistance. It was found that the phosphating with a subsequent chromate passivation and oil impregnation significantly improved the corrosion resistance of the nitrided steel, imparting the resistance up to an order of magnitude higher than that of the unnitrided stainless steel. The ability of the nitrided stainless steel to undergo the phosphating can be related to its enhanced anodic reactivity. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1711-1725
Number of pages15
JournalCorrosion Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2001


  • polarisation
  • auger electron spectroscopy
  • phosphate coatings
  • stainless steel


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