The five percent electrode system for high resolution EEG and ERP measurements

R Oostenveld, Peter Praamstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1045 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: A system for electrode placement is described. It is designed for studies on topography and source analysis of spontaneous and evoked EEG activity. METHOD: The proposed system is based on the extended International 10-20 system which contains 74 electrodes, and extends this system up to 345 electrode locations. RESULTS: The positioning and nomenclature of the electrode system is described, and a subset of locations is proposed as especially useful for modern EEG/ERP systems, often having 128 channels available. CONCLUSION: Similar to the extension of the 10-20 system to the 10-10 system ("10% system"), proposed in 1985, the goal of this new extension to a 10-5 system is to further promote standardization in high-resolution EEG studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-719
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2001


  • nomenclature
  • high resolution EEG
  • electrode placement
  • high resolution ERP


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