The first rape conviction at the ICC: an analysis of the Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo judgement

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Abstract

On 21 March 2016, the International Criminal Court convicted Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, a Congolese politician, of crimes against humanity (rape and murder) and war crimes (rape, murder and pillage). Specifically, the Trial Chamber found Bemba, the leader of the Mouvement de libération du Congo (MLC), to be responsible under Article 28 of the Rome Statute for crimes committed by MLC soldiers in the Central African Republic. Bemba was the first defendant to be convicted of rape at the ICC, and the aim of this article is to explore how the judgement contributes to existing international jurisprudence on this crime. It focuses on the Trial Chamber’s definition of rape, its discussion of the effects of rape and its reflections on the perpetrators’ motives for committing rape.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of International Criminal Justice
Early online date23 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jun 2016

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