Metastasis Associated Lung Adenocarcinoma Transcript-1 (MALAT1) is implicated in regulating the inflammatory response and in the pathology of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between OA subchondral bone expression of MALAT1 with parameters of joint health and biomarkers of joint inflammation, and to determine its functional role in human OA osteoblasts. Subchondral bone and blood were collected from hip and knee OA patients (n = 17) and bone only from neck of femur fracture patients (n = 6) undergoing joint replacement surgery. Cytokines were determined by multiplex assays and ELISA, and gene expression by qPCR. MALAT1 loss of function was performed in OA patient osteoblasts using locked nucleic acids. The osteoblast transcriptome was analysed by RNASeq and pathway analysis. Bone expression of MALAT1 positively correlated to serum DKK1 and galectin-1 concentrations, and in OA patient osteoblasts was induced in response to IL-1β stimulation. Osteoblasts depleted of MALAT1 exhibited differential expression (>1.5 fold change) of 155 genes, including PTGS2. Both basal and IL-1β-mediated PGE2 secretion was greater in MALAT1 depleted osteoblasts. The induction of MALAT1 in human OA osteoblasts upon inflammatory challenge and its modulation of PGE2 production suggests that MALAT1 may play a role in regulating inflammation in OA subchondral bone.
- long non-coding RNA
ASJC Scopus subject areas